In order to care correctly for your skin, you need to know what type of skin you have. Even the most expensive products won’t be effective if you are buying the wrong ones for your specific skin type. 

Skin types can be divided into the following categories

  • Normal
  • Oily/dehydrated
  • Combination
  • Acne-prone
  • Sensitive 
  • Mature

How do you know which one is your skin type? You could visit your local beauty salon and ask them to help or you could DIY it and try one of these methods.

The Bare Faced Method

Use a mild cleanser to cleanse your face and pat dry gently. Leave your skin bare for 30 minutes and examine your chin, cheeks, nose and forehead to see if they are “shining”. Wait another 30 minutes and see if the skin on your face is feeling parched. If your skin does feel tight when you try to smile – you have dry skin. If you notice a shine on your cheeks then your skin is oily but if the shine is on your nose and forehead then you have a combination skin. 

The Blotting Method

This is a quick and easy method to determine if you have oily or dry skin. Get a piece of paper towel or blotting paper and gently pat onto the different areas of your face. Hold the sheet up to the light and see how much oil (if any) is visible. If there is no oil, your skin is most likely dry. If there is oil on the forehead and nose then you have combination skin. If the paper is saturated in oil, you have oily skin. 

Skin Care Tips for Your Skin Type

Normal Skin

  • You probably don’t experience many breakouts. 
  • Your skin doesn’t react to new products. 
  • When the weather changes, your skin remains the same. 
  • You don’t feel the need to apply moisturizer all the time. 
  • Your skin is firm, with minimal fine lines and wrinkles.

If you have normal skin, skin care is simple because your skin responds well to most ingredients and you can really play around with new products until you find one you really love. 

Oily Skin

  • Your skin constantly looks like it is glowing. 
  • You have a constant collection of blotting sheets or mattifying powders. 
  • Makeup and skin care products don’t seem to “stay put”. 

Skin Care Tips

One of the biggest challenges with oily skin is trying to keep the shine under control. When you are looking for new products, avoid the following ingredients: mineral oil, petroleum and alcohol. Be on the lookout for products that are labeled non-comedogenic” – these won’t clog up your pores. Don’t skimp on the moisturizer because your skin still needs it, just look for ones that are oil-free. Clay masks are also really great for your oily skin!

Dry/Dehydrated Skin

  • Dry skin is flaky, sensitive, itchy and has cracks. 
  • The causes vary from lifestyle to environmental to skin conditions like eczema. 
  • Your skin will feel tight and be papery in appearance. 

Skin Care Tips

For those with dry skin you want to seal in the moisture but using a rich moisturizer a few times a day to help seal in the moisture. Stay away from harsh products that contain citrus oils or are heavily fragranced. Look for water-based products to use on your skin and make sure you are drinking plenty of water as this will also help your skin stay hydrated.

Combination Skin

  • If you can’t figure out your skin type, it is likely combination. .
  • You will notice that your skin is oily in some parts and dry in others – generally your T-zone will be oily with the rest of your skin dry. 

Skin Care Tips

Avoid alcohol-based products if you have combination skin. Treat the problem areas with spot treatment and then look for balancing creams to use on the rest of your face. 

Acne-Prone Skin

  • You get frequent breakouts or breakouts that just do not want to clear up. 
  • Acne prone skin can be oily or dry. 

Skin Care Tips

When treating acne prone skin, look for cleansers that are specifically formulated to treat acne. Use exfoliants and moisturizers that are designed to minimize breakouts. Avoid harsh cleansers that could further irritate your breakout, look for products with acne-fighting ingredients like salicylic acid, clay, benzoyl peroxide or retinol.

Sensitive Skin

  • Skin flushes easily.
  • You get frequent rashes or bumps on your skin.
  • Skin care products often leave your face burning. 
  • You react to fragranced products. 
  • Your skin has patches of dry, flaky and irritated skin

Skin Care Tips

Choosing skin care products for sensitive skin is very hard, you need to avoid any fragrances and irritants like alcohol or antibacterial ingredients. Focus on products with few ingredients that calm, heal and contain anti-inflammatory properties. 

Mature Skin

  • Not everyone’s skin ages at the same pace, so mature skin is not necessarily linked to your age. 
  • Your skin has wrinkles and is sagging. 
  • You have dark spots, dullness and dehydration.

Skin Care Tips

Skin care treatment for mature skin requires you to try to deal with past and future damage. Start to create an anti-aging routine with restorative treatments that are designed to  boost collagen, and protect your skin  against environmental aggressors and cell turnover.

Do you know what skin type you are?